Zambia | History, Capital, Language, Flag, Facts & Geography of Zambia

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History of Zambia:

Tribes of hunters-gatherers inhabited Zambia thousands of years ago. People from Bantu-speaking tribes arrived in the region in the 15th century.

Europeans did not begin to explore the area until the middle of the 1800s. In 1855, David Livingstone went to the Zambezi River and discovered the waterfalls. He named them Victoria Falls.

Zambia, then known as Northern Rhodesia, came under British rule in 1924. The Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland was formed in 1953 when it joined Southern Rhodesia and Malawi. Zambia finally gained its independence in 1964.

Information about Zambia:

Capital Lusaka
Population 20,675,101 (Source: 2023 worldometer)
Major Cities Lusaka (capital), Ndola, Kitwe, Chipata, Chingola, Mufulira, Luanshya, Livingstone, Kasama
Borders Angola, Botswana, Popularity based Republic of Congo, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Tanzania, and Zimbabwe
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) $22,826,646,594 (2022 worldometer)
Currency Zambian kwacha (ZMK)

Flag of Zambia:

Zambia Economy Key Industries:

Zambia Major Industries: copper mining and processing, construction, foodstuffs, beverages, chemicals, textiles, fertilizer, horticulture

Zambia Agricultural Products: corn, sorghum, rice, peanuts, sunflower seed, vegetables, flowers, tobacco, cotton, sugarcane, cassava (tapioca), coffee; cattle, goats, pigs, poultry, milk, eggs, hides

Zambia Natural Resources: copper, cobalt, zinc, lead, coal, emeralds, gold, silver, uranium, hydropower

Zambia Major Exports: copper/cobalt 64%, cobalt, electricity; tobacco, flowers, cotton

Zambia Major Imports: machinery, transportation equipment, petroleum products, electricity, fertilizer; foodstuffs, clothing

The Geography of Zambia:

Total Size of Zambia: 752,614 km2 (source: wikipedia)

Geographical Low Point of Zambia: Zambezi river 329 m

Geographical High Point of Zambia: unnamed location in Mafinga Hills 2,301 m

Climate of Zambia: Tropical; modified by altitude; rainy season (October to April)

General Terrain of Zambia: mostly high plateau with some hills and mountains

World Region or Continent of Zambia: Africa

Geographical Coordinates: 15 00 S, 30 00 E

The People of  Zambia & Culture

Zambia Government Type: republic

Zambia Nationality: Zambian(s)

Zambia National Holiday: Independence Day, 24 October (1964)

Zambia Independence: 24 October 1964 (from UK)

Zambia National Symbol: African fish eagle

Zambia National Anthem or Song: Lumbanyeni Zambia (Stand and Sing of Zambia, Proud and Free)

Zambia Languages Spoken: English (official), major vernaculars – Bemba, Kaonda, Lozi, Lunda, Luvale, Nyanja, Tonga, and about 70 other indigenous languages

Zambia Religions: Christian 50%-75%, Muslim and Hindu 24%-49%, indigenous beliefs 1%

Interesting Facts about Zambia:

The customary name for Victoria Falls is Mosi-oa-Tunya.

In excess of 72 dialects are spoken in Zambia.

Victoria Falls is two times the size of Niagara Falls.

Emil Holub, a Czech explorer, was the first to map the famous falls.

Zambia gained independence from the United Kingdom on October 24, 1964.

Kenneth Kaunda was the main individual to lead Zambia as its leader after autonomy.

Zambia produces around 1.5 million tons of copper consistently.

Zambia is home to all five of Africa’s Big Five. The Zambian kwacha is the country’s currency.

Lake Kariba is the world’s biggest man-made lake and is utilized for business fishing and to supply hydroelectric capacity to Zimbabwe and Zambia.

The fourth-largest river in Africa inspired the name Zambia.

One of six nations home to endangered species of wild dogs is Zambia.

Zambia is an island nation.

Nshima is Zambia’s national dish and most common dish.

Dismissing food is discourteous in Zambia.

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