Vietnam | History, Capital, Language, Flag, Facts & Geography of Vietnam

Latest Applications Open 2023:


Information about Vietnam:

Capital Hanoi
Population 98,982,798 (Source: 2023 worldometer)
Major Cities Ho Chi Minh City, Hanoi, Da Nang, Hue, Hội An, Nha Trang, Da Lat, Can Tho, Haiphong
Borders China to the North, Laos and Cambodia to the West, and the Eastern Sea (South China Sea) of Pacific Ocean to the East
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) $408,802,000,000 (2022 worldometer)
Currency dong (VND)

Flag of Vietnam:

Flag description: On September 5, 1945, Vietnam adopted its current flag. The translation of its name into Vietnamese is “Red flag with a gold star.” The flag has a red backdrop (field), as the name suggests, with a big five-pointed gold star in the middle.

Vietnam Economy Key Industries:

Vietnam Major Industries: food processing, garments, shoes, machine-building; mining, coal, steel; cement, chemical fertilizer, glass, tires, oil, paper

Vietnam Agricultural Products: paddy rice, coffee, rubber, cotton, tea, pepper, soybeans, cashews, sugar cane, peanuts, bananas; poultry; fish, seafood

Vietnam Natural Resources: phosphates, coal, manganese, bauxite, chromate, offshore oil and gas deposits, forests, hydropower

Vietnam Major Exports: crude oil, marine products, rice, coffee, rubber, tea, garments, shoes

Vietnam Major Imports: machinery and equipment, petroleum products, fertilizer, steel products, raw cotton, grain, cement, motorcycles

The Geography of Vietnam:

Total Size of Vietnam: 331,690 km² (source: wikipedia)

Geographical Low Point of Vietnam: South China Sea 0 m

Geographical High Point of Vietnam: Fan Si Pan 3,144 m

Climate of Vietnam: Tropical in south; monsoonal in north with hot, rainy season (May to September) and warm, dry season (October to March)

General Terrain of Vietnam: low, flat delta in south and north; central highlands; hilly, mountainous in far north and northwest

World Region or Continent of Vietnam:  Southeast Asia

Geographical Coordinates: 16 00 N, 106 00 E

Major Landforms of Vietnam: Annamite Mountain Range, Mekong Delta, Red River Delta, Central Highlands, Fansipan, Coastal lowlands

Major Bodies of Water: Red River, Mekong River, Perfume River, Ba Be Lake, Dinh Binh Lake, Nui Coc Lake, West Lake, Ha Long Bay, Gulf of Tonking, Gulf of Thailand, South China Sea

Famous Places of Vietnam: 

Ha Long Bay,
Cu Chi Tunnels,
Sa Pa Terraces,
Phu Quoc Island,
Hoan Kiem Lake,
Thien Mu Pagoda,
Nha Trang,
My Son Sanctuary,
Po Nagar,
National Museum of Vietnamese History,
Hoi An Ancient Town,
Sand Dunes of Mui Ne,
Phong Nha-Ke Bang National Park

The People of  Vietnam & Culture

Vietnam Government Type: Communist state

Vietnam Nationality: Vietnamese (singular and plural)

Vietnam National Holiday: Independence Day, 2 September (1945)

Other Holidays of Vietnam: New Year (January 1), Tet (Vietnamese New Year), Hung Kings, Liberation Day (April 30), International Workers’ Day (May 1), National Vietnam Day (September 2), Ho Chi Minh’s Birthday (May 19), August Revolution, National Defense Day

Vietnam Independence: 2 September 1945 (from France)

Vietnam National Symbol:

  • Animal – Tiger, Water buffalo
  • Tree – Bamboo
  • Food – Rice
  • Motto – Independence, Freedom, Happiness
  • Colors – Red and yellow
  • Other symbols – Dragon, Emblem of Vietnam, Tortoise, Phoenix

Vietnam National Anthem or Song: Tien quan ca (The Song of the Marching Troops)

Vietnam Languages Spoken: Vietnamese (official), English (increasingly favored as a second language), some French, Chinese, and Khmer; mountain area languages (Mon-Khmer and Malayo-Polynesian)

Vietnam Religions: Buddhist 9.3%, Catholic 6.7%, Hoa Hao 1.5%, Cao Dai 1.1%, Protestant 0.5%, Muslim 0.1%, none 80.8% (1999 census)

Famous Peoples of Vietnam:

Trung Sisters Revolutionaries and leaders
Truong Tan Sang President of Vietnam
Thuy Trang Actress
Nguyen Trai Poet and scholar
Ngo Quyen Founder of the Ngo Dynasty
Dat Phan Comedian
Dustin Nguyen Actor
Betty Nguyen Journalist
Ho Chi Minh World leader

Interesting Facts about Vietnam:

Vietnam is the fifth-largest coffee exporter in the world, with $2.25 billion expected to flow into the national economy in that year.

Vietnam is frequently described as a happy and cheery nation. Vietnam ranked second in the Asia Pacific region and fifth overall in 2016 according to the UK-based Happy Planet Index.

The minimum age for drinking varies from nation to nation. It is 19, 19, and 16 in some European countries, respectively. In America, it is 21. Unexpectedly, there is no specific drinking age in Vietnam. You can drink the alcohol as long as you can get your hands on it.

Halong Bay is home to the largest limestone island ecosystem in Asia.

A unique drink only found in Vietnam is egg coffee.

40% of Vietnamese people use the surname Nguyen.

The lotus is the national flower of Vietnam.

Vietnam has 3,444 kilometers of coastline.

Vietnam is one of the most inexpensive nations in the world to purchase a unique costume.

In Vietnam, almost every household has a motorcycle.

Sepak Takraw is a popular traditional sport in Vietnam. It is sometimes known as “kick volleyball”.

In Vietnam, Snake Wine is practically mythical.

Vietnam is home to Hang Son Doong, the largest cave in the world.

The Hoan Kiem turtle was one of the most critically endangered animal species on earth.

Vietnam has the lowest beer prices in the entire world.

Vietnam is home to more than 50 indigenous musical instruments, as well as a huge selection of folk songs.

Tortoises are regarded as lucky creatures in Vietnam.

The national dish of Vietnam, Pho, is a must-try for foodies who enjoy traveling and is best served in Hanoi.

Ao Dài is the name of the national attire of Vietnam.

Eight UNESCO sites can be found there, and eight of them are either cultural or both natural and cultural.

Vietnam’s northern, western, and southern borders are all with China.

You cannot copy content of this page