What is Silver?
Silver is the 2nd element in the 11th column of the periodic table. It is classified as a transition metal. Silver atoms have 47 electrons and 47 protons with 60 neutrons in the most abundant isotope.
Characteristics and Properties
Under standard conditions, silver is a soft, shiny metal. It is malleable (meaning it can be drawn into a wire) and malleable (meaning it can be hammered into a flat sheet).
Silver has the highest electrical conductivity of all the elements as well as the highest thermal conductivity of all metals. It is also very reflective.
Silver is not very reactive. It will not react with air or water. However, it will tarnish when exposed to sulfur compounds.
Highlights of Silver:
|Phase at Room Temperature
|10.49 grams per cm cubed
|Known about since ancient times
Where is Silver found on Earth?
Silver is a relatively rare element found in the earth’s crust. It is found both in free form and in minerals such as argentite. It is often mined along with other metal ores, including copper, lead, zinc, and gold. Most of the silver mined in the United States comes from the state of Nevada. The main silver producers in the world are Peru, Mexico and China.
How is Silver used today?
Ribbons have been used since ancient times to make jewelry and silverware. Today, standard silver which is an alloy of 92.5% silver and 7.5% copper is known as sterling silver. Another ancient use of silver was as coins.
Other uses of silver include mirrors, dental fillings, musical instruments, and nuclear reactors.
How was Silver discovered?
Silver was one of the first metals discovered by ancient people. Silver artifacts have been found in many ancient civilizations such as Sumer since 3000 BC.
Where did Silver get its name?
It comes from the Anglo-Saxon word “seolfor” for element. The symbol Ag comes from the Latin word “argentum” which means silver.
There are two naturally occurring stable isotopes of silver: silver-107 and silver-109.
Interesting Facts about Silver
Before the recent development of digital cameras, about 30% of silver production was used for photography in silver nitrate compounds.
Silver iodide includes silver (AgI) used in cloud seeding to produce rain.
Silver nanoparticles are sometimes added to clothing because they can help prevent the growth of fungi and bacteria.