Papua New Guinea | History, Capital, Language, Flag, Facts & Geography of Papua New Guinea

History of Papua New Guinea:

Papua New Guinea is located on the eastern half of the island of New Guinea. New Guinea is the second largest island in the world after Greenland. The area has been inhabited for thousands of years and today the country still has over 850 different languages ​​and cultures of hers.

Spanish and Portuguese explorers arrived on this island in his 16th century. The name Papua was given to the country by Don Jorge de Meneses. It’s a Malay world that describes curly hair. Inigo Ortiz de Letes later named the island New Guinea because the inhabitants reminded him of the people of African Guinea.

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The area was colonized by Germans to the north and British to the south in the late 19th century. The Japanese army raided the island during World War II. After the war, these two regions of her merged. Papua New Guinea became an independent country in 1975.

Information about Papua New Guinea:

Capital Port Moresby
Population 10,362,735 (Source: 2023 worldometer)
Major Cities Port Moresby (capital), Arawa, Lae, Mount Hagen, Madang, Popondetta, Kokopo, Goroka, Mendi
Borders Indonesia to the west, Australia to the south and Solomon Islands to the south-east
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) $30,633,444,295 (2022 worldometer)
Currency kina (PGK)

Flag of Papua New Guinea:

Papua New Guinea Economy Key Industries:

Papua New Guinea Major Industries: copra crushing, palm oil processing, plywood production, wood chip production; mining of gold, silver, and copper; crude oil production, petroleum refining; construction, tourism

Papua New Guinea Agricultural Products: coffee, cocoa, copra, palm kernels, tea, sugar, rubber, sweet potatoes, fruit, vegetables, vanilla; shell fish, poultry, pork

Papua New Guinea Natural Resources: gold, copper, silver, natural gas, timber, oil, fisheries

Papua New Guinea Major Exports: oil, gold, copper ore, logs, palm oil, coffee, cocoa, crayfish, prawns

Papua New Guinea Major Imports: machinery and transport equipment, manufactured goods, food, fuels, chemicals

The Geography of Papua New Guinea:

Total Size of Papua New Guinea: 462,840 km2 (source: 2022 Wikipedia)

Geographical Low Point of Papua New Guinea: Pacific Ocean 0 m

Geographical High Point of Papua New Guinea: Mount Wilhelm 4,509 m

Climate of Papua New Guinea:  tropical; northwest monsoon (December to March), southeast monsoon (May to October); slight seasonal temperature variation

General Terrain of Papua New Guinea: mostly mountains with coastal lowlands and rolling foothills

World Region or Continent of Papua New Guinea:  Oceania

Geographical Coordinates: 6 00 S, 147 00 E

The People of  Papua New Guinea & Culture

Papua New Guinea Government Type:  constitutional parliamentary democracy

Papua New Guinea Nationality: Papua New Guinean(s)

Papua New Guinea National Holiday: Independence Day, 16 September (1975)

Papua New Guinea Independence: 16 September 1975 (from the Australian-administered UN trusteeship)

Papua New Guinea National Symbol:  bird of paradise

Papua New Guinea National Anthem or Song: O Arise All You Sons

Papua New Guinea Languages Spoken: Melanesian Pidgin serves as the lingua franca, English spoken by 1%-2%, Motu spoken in Papua region

Papua New Guinea Religions: Roman Catholic 22%, Lutheran 16%, Presbyterian/Methodist/London Missionary Society 8%, Anglican 5%, Evangelical Alliance 4%, Seventh-Day Adventist 1%, other Protestant 10%, indigenous beliefs 34%

Interesting Facts about Papua New Guinea:

Papua New Guinea has a diverse landscape of pristine beaches, lush rainforests, rugged mountains and active volcanoes.

With over 850 languages ​​spoken, Papua New Guinea is one of the most linguistically diverse countries in the world and a melting pot of cultures.

Papua New Guinea’s rich cultural heritage is evident in its vibrant traditions, rituals, dances and art forms that are passed down from generation to generation.

At 4,509 meters, Mount Wilhelm is Papua New Guinea’s highest peak and offers breathtaking views of the surrounding landscape.

The iconic Kokoda Track is a 96-kilometer hike through rugged mountains and dense jungle and is a significant World War II landmark.

Papua New Guinea is a diver’s paradise, known for its stunning reefs teeming with a kaleidoscope of marine life, including colorful fish, turtles and colorful corals.

With vast rainforests and pristine wilderness, Papua New Guinea is rich in unique flora and fauna species, many found only in this tropical paradise.

Held across Papua New Guinea, the Sing Sing Festival is a colorful spectacle with a wide variety of traditional costumes, dances and music from different tribes.

He one of Papua New Guinea’s longest rivers, the Sepik River is not only a lifeline for the local community, but also a fascinating place to explore traditional carved canoes and ancient tribal villages. There is also.

Papua New Guinea played an important role in World War II. Numerous battlefields, war sites and memorials dot the country, offering a glimpse into its wartime past.

Papua New Guinea is home to more than 700 bird species, including the famous Bird of Paradise known for its bright colors and unique courtship behavior.

The Pacific Ring of Fire cuts through Papua New Guinea and connects to several active volcanoes, such as Mount Tavurvur and Mount Ulaung, which offer impressive volcanic landscapes.

Huli wigs of the Southern Highlands are known for their elaborate traditional costumes and unique human hair wigs that reflect their cultural identity.

Art is a priority in Papua New Guinea, and the country is known for its stunning traditional carvings, carvings, pottery, and intricate tapas.

Melanesian spirituality plays a central role in the lives of the people of Papua New Guinea. Ancestor worship, animism, and belief in spirits are deeply embedded in their cultural practices.