Micronesia | History, Capital, Language, Flag, Facts & Geography of Micronesia

History of Micronesia:

Micronesia and the Caroline Islands were settled thousands of years ago. Originally these islands were tribal islands, ruled by local chiefs. It later developed into a more centralized empire with the islands of Yap and Pohnpei as its main pillars.

The first Europeans to arrive were the Portuguese. They were looking for the Spice Islands. The Spaniards came in the late 16th century. The Spaniards seized control of the islands, but then passed them to the Germans, and he to the Japanese in 1919. After World War II, these islands were administered by the United States. In May 1979, these islands became an independent state called the Federated States of Micronesia. Also called FSM.

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Information about Micronesia:

Capital Palikir
Population 545,220 (Source: 2023 worldometer)
Major Cities Palikir (capital), Weno, Tofol, Colonia, Kolonia, Nema, Satowan Village, Lukunor Village, Pulap Village
Borders Maritime borders with the Marshall Islands, Palau, Papua New Guinea, and Guam (United States)
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) $238,100,000
Currency US dollar (USD)

Flag of Micronesia:

Micronesia Economy Key Industries:

Micronesia Major Industries: tourism, construction; fish processing, specialized aquaculture; craft items from shell, wood, and pearls

Micronesia Agricultural Products: black pepper, tropical fruits and vegetables, coconuts, cassava (tapioca), betel nuts, sweet potatoes; pigs, chickens; fish

Micronesia Natural Resources: forests, marine products, deep-seabed minerals, phosphate

Micronesia Major Exports: fish, garments, bananas, black pepper

Micronesia Major Imports: food, manufactured goods, machinery and equipment, beverages

The Geography of Micronesia:

Total Size of Micronesia: 701.9 km²

Geographical Low Point of Micronesia: Pacific Ocean 0 m

Geographical High Point of Micronesia: Dolohmwar (Totolom) 791 m

Climate of Micronesia: Tropical; heavy year-round rainfall, especially in the eastern islands; located on southern edge of the typhoon belt with occasionally severe damage

General Terrain of Micronesia: islands vary geologically from high mountainous islands to low, coral atolls; volcanic outcroppings on Pohnpei, Kosrae, and Chuuk

World Region or Continent of Micronesia: Oceania

Geographical Coordinates: 6 55 N, 158 15 E

The People of  Micronesia & Culture

Micronesia Government Type: constitutional government in free association with the US; the Compact of Free Association entered into force 3 November 1986 and the Amended Compact entered into force May 2004

Micronesia Nationality: Micronesian(s)

Micronesia National Holiday: Constitution Day, 10 May (1979)

Micronesia Independence: 3 November 1986 (from the US-administered UN Trusteeship)

Micronesia National Symbol: 

Micronesia National Anthem or Song: Patriots of Micronesia

Micronesia Languages Spoken: English (official and common language), Trukese, Pohnpeian, Yapese, Kosrean, Ulithian, Woleaian, Nukuoro, Kapingamarangi

Micronesia Religions: Roman Catholic 50%, Protestant 47%, other 3%

Interesting Facts about Micronesia:

Micronesia consists of four major island groups. Micronesia consists of her four main island groups: the Caroline Islands, the Gilbert Islands, the Mariana Islands, and the Marshall Islands.

Micronesia is located in the Western Pacific Ocean. Located in the vast western Pacific Ocean, Micronesia is a region dotted with small tropical islands that dot the ocean.

There are over 600 islands. Micronesia is a collection of over 600 islands, each with its own beauty and charm.

The official language of Micronesia is English, but the locals also speak many indigenous languages.

Micronesia gained her independence from the United States in 1986 and is now known as the Federated States of Micronesia.

The capital of Micronesia is Palikir. Located on the island of Pohnpei, Palikir serves as the capital and administrative center of Micronesia.

Micronesia has a tropical climate. Due to its tropical location, Micronesia enjoys a warm and humid climate all year round, making it an ideal destination for beach lovers.

The traditional nautical techniques of Micronesia are impressive. Micronesians have a long history of navigation and have developed impressive traditional navigational techniques that make use of the stars, currents and natural landmarks.

The famous Kapingalangi sailor is from Micronesia. The Kapingamarangi people of Micronesia are known for their navigation skills and have a deep connection with the sea.

Micronesia’s underwater world is a diver’s paradise. Known for its excellent diving sites, Micronesia lets you explore stunning coral reefs, vibrant marine life and even historic shipwrecks.

Micronesia’s economy is primarily based on subsistence agriculture, fishing and tourism.