Essay

Congo, Republic | History, Capital, Language, Flag, Facts & Geography of Congo, Republic

History of Congo, Republic:

The Republic of the Congo is a separate country from the Democratic Republic of the Congo. They are neighbors with similar names, but they are different countries.

The territory of what is now the Republic of the Congo was originally inhabited by pygmies. Then the Bantu came and settled the area. The first Europeans arrived at the end of his 15th century. The main trade was slaves, which locals captured from the interior and sold to slave ships.

In the 1880s, the area came under French rule under Pierre Savorgnon de Brazza. Later, in 1908, France united the region with Gabon, Chad and others to create French Equatorial Africa (AEF).

The city of Brazzaville became an important city for France during World War II. Then in 1958 he dissolved the AEF and established the Republic of the Congo. It became fully independent from France in 1960. The first president of the Congo was Fulbert Hulu.

Information about Congo, Republic:

Capital Brazzaville
Population 6,131,115 (Source: 2023 worldometer)
Major Cities Brazzaville (capital), Pointe-Noire, Dolisie, Kayes, Owando, Ouésso, Loandjili, Madingou, Gamboma, Impfondo
Borders Angola, Burundi, Central African Republic, Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, and Zambia
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) $14,615,532,210 (2022 worldometer)
Currency Communaute Financiere Africaine franc (XAF); note – responsible authority is the Bank of the Central

Flag of Congo, Republic:

Congo, Republic Economy Key Industries:

Congo, Republic Major Industries: petroleum extraction, cement, lumber, brewing, sugar, palm oil, soap, flour, cigarettes

Congo, Republic Agricultural Products: cassava (tapioca), sugar, rice, corn, peanuts, vegetables, coffee, cocoa; forest products

Congo, Republic Natural Resources: petroleum, timber, potash, lead, zinc, uranium, copper, phosphates, gold, magnesium, natural gas, hydropower

Congo, Republic Major Exports: petroleum, lumber, plywood, sugar, cocoa, coffee, diamonds

Congo, Republic Major Imports: capital equipment, construction materials, foodstuffs

The Geography of Congo, Republic:

Total Size of Congo, Republic: 342,000 km² (source: wikipedia)

Geographical Low Point of Congo, Republic: Atlantic Ocean 0 m

Geographical High Point of Congo, Republic:  Mount Berongou 903 m

Climate of Congo, Republic:  tropical; rainy season (March to June); dry season (June to October); persistent high temperatures and humidity; particularly enervating climate astride the Equator

General Terrain of Congo, Republic: coastal plain, southern basin, central plateau, northern basin

World Region or Continent of Congo, Republic: Africa

Geographical Coordinates: 1 00 S, 15 00 E

The People of  Congo, Republic & Culture

Congo, Republic Government Type: republic

Congo, Republic Nationality: Congolese (singular and plural)

Congo, Republic National Holiday: Independence Day, 15 August (1960)

Congo, Republic Independence: 15 August 1960 (from France)

Congo, Republic National Symbol: lion; elephant

Congo, Republic National Anthem or Song: La Congolaise (The Congolese)

Congo, Republic Languages Spoken: French (official), Lingala and Monokutuba (lingua franca trade languages), many local languages and dialects (of which Kikongo is the most widespread)

Congo, Republic Religions: Christian 50%, animist 48%, Muslim 2%

Interesting Facts about Congo, Republic:

The country’s official name is Republic of the Congo, but it is also known as Congo-Brazzaville, Republic of the Congo, or simply Congo. Also called ROC. The country takes its name from its main waterway, the Congo River, and its name comes from the historic Kingdom of Congo and its people, the Bakongo tribe.

The country that now makes up the Republic of the Congo was colonized by France in 1880 and was first known as French Congo and later as Central Congo. Congo was under French rule for 80 years before becoming independent in 1960.

The Republic of the Congo has a very diverse topography, but most interestingly, about two-thirds of the Republic of the Congo is covered by the Congolese rainforest, which is spread across six countries.

In the 1980s, the Republic of the Congo developed into one of Africa’s leading oil producers and exporters. During that time, the country’s GDP grew at over 5% per year, faster than most other African countries. Congo’s oil industry remains the leader, although earnings in this sector have declined in recent years. Most of the oil is sourced abroad by foreign companies.

The Republic of China has competed in the Olympics since 1964 (with the exception of 1968 and 1976), but has never won an Olympic medal. Most Congolese athletes compete in track and field, like Frank Elemba, who finished fourth in the men’s shot put at the 2016 Summer Olympics.

French has been the lingua franca of the Republic of the Congo since French colonial times, but is largely restricted to academic and administrative use. Besides French, her two most commonly spoken languages ​​in the Republic of China are the national languages ​​Kituba and Lingala.

It’s perhaps not all that surprising that the main religion practiced in the Republic of China is Christianity. About 86% of the population belongs to the faith and most of the rest belong to the traditional faith.

At 1,020 m (3,346 ft) high, Mount Navemba, located in Sanga Province, is the highest mountain in the Republic of the Congo. There are also large iron ore deposits here, which are actively mined.

The Republic of the Congo shares the Central African franc with five other her countries. First introduced in 1945.

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