China | History, Capital, Language, Flag, Facts & Geography of China

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Information about China:

Capital Beijing
Population 1,425,671,352 (Source: 2023 worldometer)
Major Cities  Shanghai, Beijing, Chongqing, Tianjin, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Chengdu, Nanjing.
Borders Korea to the east; Mongolia to the north; Russia to the northeast; Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan to the northwest; Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Nepal and Bhutan to the west and southwest; and Myanmar, Laos and Vietnam to the south
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) $17,963,200,000,000 (2022 worldometer)
Currency yuan (CNY); note – also referred to as the Renminbi (RMB)

Flag of China:

Flag description: On September 27, 1949, China adopted its current flag. Five yellow stars are located in the top left corner of the red background. Four stars surround the greater star, which is one that is larger than the others. The Communist Party of China is symbolized by the huge star. The four smaller stars stand for the four human socioeconomic strata.

China Economy Key Industries:

China Major Industries: mining and ore processing, iron, steel, aluminum, and other metals, coal; machine building; armaments; textiles and apparel; petroleum; cement; chemicals; fertilizers; consumer products, including footwear, toys, and electronics; food processing; transportation equipment, including automobiles, rail cars and locomotives, ships, and aircraft; telecommunications equipment, commercial space launch vehicles, satellites

China Agricultural Products: rice, wheat, potatoes, corn, peanuts, tea, millet, barley, apples, cotton, oilseed; pork; fish

China Natural Resources: coal, iron ore, petroleum, natural gas, mercury, tin, tungsten, antimony, manganese, molybdenum, vanadium, magnetite, aluminum, lead, zinc, uranium, hydropower potential (world’s largest)

China Major Exports: machinery and equipment, plastics, optical and medical equipment, iron and steel

China Major Imports: machinery and equipment, oil and mineral fuels, plastics, optical and medical equipment, organic chemicals, iron and steel

The Geography of China:

Total Size of China: 331,690 km² (source: wikipedia)

Geographical Low Point of China: Turpan Pendi -154 m

Geographical High Point of China: Mount Everest 8,850 m 

Climate of China: extremely diverse; tropical in south to subarctic in north

General Terrain of China: mostly mountains, high plateaus, deserts in west; plains, deltas, and hills in east

World Region or Continent of China:  Asia

Geographical Coordinates: 35 00 N, 105 00 E

Major Landforms of China: Himalayan Mountains, Kunlun Mountains, Tianshan Mountains, Qinling Mountains, Mount Everest, Pamirs Plateau, Tibetan Plateau, Gobi Desert, Taklamakan Desert

Major Bodies of Water: Yangtze River, Yellow River, Heilongjiang River, Songhua River, Grand Canal, Qinghai Lake (salt lake), Poyang Lake, Dongting Lake, Lake Tai, Yellow Sea, East China Sea, South China Sea

Famous Places of China: 

Great Wall of China,
Forbidden City,
Terracotta Army,
Pudong Skyline and the Oriental Pearl Tower,
Giant Buddha of Leshan,
Mount Huang,
Li River,
Potala Palace,
Jiuzhaigou Valley,
Mount Everest,
Silk Road

The People of  China & Culture

China Government Type: Communist state

China Nationality: Chinese (singular and plural)

China National Holiday: Anniversary of the Founding of the People’s Republic of China, 1 October (1949)

Other Holidays of China:
Chinese New Year,
Lantern Festival,
Qingming Festival,
International Women’s Day (March 8),
Labor Day (May 1),
Children’s Day (June 1),
Dragon Boat Festival,
Mid-Autumn Festival,
National Day (October 1). 

China Independence: 221 BC (unification under the Qin or Ch’in Dynasty); 1 January 1912 (Manchu Dynasty replaced by a Republic); 1 October 1949 (People’s Republic established)

China National Symbol:

  • Animal – Giant Panda
  • Bird – Crane, golden pheasant
  • Flower – Plum blossom
  • Tree – Ginkgo
  • National Emblem – Red disk outlined with a yellow border. A yellow picture of the Forbidden City in the center.
  • Father of the nation – Sun Yat-sen
  • Sport – Ping pong (table tennis)
  • Other Symbols – Chinese dragon, Chinese lantern
  • Colors – Red and yellow

China National Anthem or Song: Yiyongjun Jinxingqu (The March of the Volunteers)

China Languages Spoken: Standard Chinese or Mandarin (Putonghua, based on the Beijing dialect), Yue (Cantonese), Wu (Shanghaiese), Minbei (Fuzhou), Minnan (Hokkien-Taiwanese), Xiang, Gan, Hakka dialects, minority languages (see Ethnic groups entry)

China Religions: Daoist (Taoist), Buddhist, Christian 3%-4%, Muslim 1%-2%

Interesting Facts about China:

Chinese New Year lasts for 15 days.

Paper armor was occasionally utilized by soldiers in ancient China.

The Forbidden City, a royal complex in Beijing, has almost 9,000 rooms.

Boat races with dragon patterns are part of a Chinese spring festival.

If all Chinese railroads were combined, the world could be circled twice.

The mortar that kept the stones of the Great Wall together in China was made from sticky rice.

The 94 “ice men” in China who produced ice cream for Tang of Shang during the seventh century.

Chinese giant pandas are adept swimmers.

Many Chinese emperors thought they were descended from dragons.

Half of the pigs in the world reside in China.

Chinese brides usually wear red because it is a lucky hue.

One in every five people on the earth is a Chinese person.

China is the most populous nation in the world, with almost 1.3 billion people.

According to Chinese tradition, on New Year’s Eve a monster known as “Nian” (Chinese for “year”) appears and begins to eat people.

Facebook has been forbidden in China since 2009.

2011 saw China consume 42.5 billion boxes of instant noodles.

Beijing hosted the most expensive Olympics in 2008. Costing $40 billion, they.

Paper money was invented by Chinese people.

China’s national sport is table tennis.

Reincarnation is prohibited in China. Government consent is required.

East Asia is home to the enormous nation of China. It borders Afghanistan, Bhutan, India, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, North Korea, Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan, and Vietnam. It also shares a border with Afghanistan.

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