Brazil | History, Capital, Language, Flag, Facts & Geography of Brazil

History of Brazil:

Brazil is the largest country in South America and the fifth largest country in the world. Forming a huge triangle on the eastern side of the continent, lies her 7,400-kilometer coastline along the Atlantic Ocean. It borders all South American countries except Chile and Ecuador.

The Brazilian landscape is very varied. To the north it is best known for its dense forests, including the Amazon, the world’s largest jungle. But there are also dry grasslands (called pampas), steep hills, pine forests, vast marshes, vast plateaus and long coastal plains.

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Northern Brazil is dominated by the Amazon River and the surrounding jungle. The Amazon is not a single river but a network of hundreds of waterways. Overall length he is 4,250 miles (6,840 kilometers). The river is home to thousands of species, including the infamous piranha and boto, the pink river dolphin.

Information about Brazil:

Capital Brasilia
Population 216,604,995 (Source: 2023 worldometer)
Major Cities Brasilia (capital), São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Fortaleza
Borders Tabatinga, Benjamin Constant, Lauarete, Vila Bittencourt, Ipiranga, Cucui
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) $1,920,100,000,000  (2022 worldometer)
Currency real (BRL)

Flag of Brazil:

Flag Description: The Brazilian flag was adopted on November 19, 1889. It has a green background with yellow diamonds (side diamonds). In the center is a dark blue circle with 27 stars representing the sky above Rio de Janeiro. Above the blue circle is a banner with the motto “Ordem E Progresso”. The 27 stars represent the 26 states and the Federal District of Brasilia.

Brazil Economy Key Industries:

Brazil Major Industries: textiles, shoes, chemicals, cement, lumber, iron ore, tin, steel, aircraft, motor vehicles and parts, other machinery and equipment

Brazil Agricultural Products: coffee, soybeans, wheat, rice, corn, sugarcane, cocoa, citrus; beef

Brazil Natural Resources: bauxite, gold, iron ore, manganese, nickel, phosphates, platinum, tin, uranium, petroleum, hydropower, timber

Brazil Major Exports: transport equipment, iron ore, soybeans, footwear, coffee, autos

Brazil Major Imports: machinery, electrical and transport equipment, chemical products, oil

The Geography of Brazil:

Total Size of Brazil: 8.51 million km² (source: 2022 wikipedia)

Geographical Low Point of Brazil: Atlantic Ocean 0 m

Geographical High Point of Brazil: Pico da Neblina 3,014 m

Climate of Brazil: mostly tropical, but temperate in south

General Terrain of Brazil: mostly flat to rolling lowlands in north; some plains, hills, mountains, and narrow coastal belt.

Major Landforms of Brazil: Tropical rainforest of the Amazon Basin, the Pantanal freshwater wetland, Guiana Highlands, Brazilian Highlands of small mountain ranges, and the Mato Grosso Plateau

Major Bodies of Water: Amazon River, Rio de la Plata, Paraguay River, Parana River, Sao Francisco River, Sobradinho Lake, Tucurui Lake, Balbina Lake, Furnas Lake, Duck Lagoon, Atlantic Ocean

World Region or Continent of Brazil:  South America

Geographical Coordinates: 10 00 S, 55 00 W

The People of  Brazil & Culture

Brazil Government Type: federative republic

Brazil Nationality: Brazilian(s)

Brazil National Holiday: Independence Day, 7 September (1822)

Brazil Other Holidays: New Years’ Eve (January 1), Carnival, Tiradentes’ Day (April 21), Labour Day (May 1), Independence Day (September 11), Our Lady of Aparecida (October 12), All Souls’ Day (November 2), Republic Day (November 15), Christmas (December 25)

Brazil Independence: 7 September 1822 (from Portugal)

Brazil National Symbol:

  • Animal – Jaguar
  • Bird – Macaw, Rufous-bellied Thrush
  • Flower – Ipe-amarelo
  • Tree – Pau-brazil (also called Brazilwood)
  • Coat of Arms – Blue center with 27 stars, a yellow and green star, surrounded by coffee and tobacco leaves
  • Colors – Green and yellow
  • Motto – Ordem E Progresso (‘order and progress’)
  • Carnival – Celebrated in February before Ash Wednesday

Brazil National Anthem or Song: Hino Nacional Brasileiro (Brazilian National Anthem)

Brazil Languages Spoken: Portuguese (official), Spanish, English, French

Brazil Religions: Roman Catholic (nominal) 73.6%, Protestant 15.4%, Spiritualist 1.3%, Bantu/voodoo 0.3%, other 1.8%, unspecified 0.2%, none 7.4% (2000 census).

Famous Places of Brazil: 

Christ the Redeemer,
Sao Paulo,
Copacabana Beach,
Sugarloaf Mountain,
Ipanema Beach,
Fernando de Noronha,
Carnival in Rio,
Amazon Rainforest

Interesting Facts about Brazil:

Brazil has the largest number of Nikkei outside of Japan.

Brazil is one of the most biodiverse countries in the world. It is estimated that there are about 4 million species of plants and animals

Brazil has the longest continuous coastline in the world at 4,655 miles long.

The national dish of Brazil is Feijoada. This is a black bean stew with dried, salted and smoked meat.

Brazil was the first country to conscript women into its armed forces. Brazil’s national drink is known as Caipirinha (delicious)

The most popular name in Brazil is Silva.

Brazil was the only independent South American country to send troops into battle during World War II.

Only 43% of adults have a college degree.

According to TripAdvisor, Brazil has the best beaches in the world.

The highest mountain in Brazil is called Pico de Neblina and is 2994 meters high.

The mountain was not discovered until 1950 and was first climbed in 1965.

Brazil is the world’s largest coffee exporter.

According to a 2007 report, there are 70 uncontacted tribes in Brazil.
Brazil has her over 400 airports.

The Brazilian football team has won the World Cup five times, setting a record.

Brazil is one of the world’s largest economies.

Brazil borders all South American countries except Ecuador and Chile.

Brazil is the fifth largest country in the world in terms of both population and area.

Sex reassignment surgery is free in Brazil’s public health system. Brazilian prisoners can reduce their sentence by four days for each book they read.

Brazil has the largest Catholic population