Bangladesh | History, Capital, Language, Flag, Facts & Geography of Bangladesh

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History of Bangladesh:

For many thousands of years, people have lived in the region that is now Bangladesh. Numerous dynasties have ruled the country, notably the Hindu Sena dynasty and the Buddhist Pala dynasty. By the 12th century, Arab traders had arrived in Bengal, and the Muslim faith had started to spread. Bengal came under the rule of the Mughal Empire in the 16th century, and Dhaka developed into a key Mughal administrative hub.

The earliest visitors from Europe to Bangladesh were traders from Portugal. The Dutch, French, and British soon followed. The East India Company was chiefly responsible for the British taking the lead. Bengal, a territory of India, joined the British Empire in 1859 after Britain acquired control.

Bengal’s region was partitioned along religious lines in 1947. East Pakistan, which was made up primarily of Muslims, joined Pakistan. The West Bengal state was located in India’s predominantly Hindu western region.

Between Pakistan and India, there were numerous disputes and wars. As a result, Bangladesh became a new nation in 1972. It was a constitutional parliamentary democracy. In Dhaka, there existed a capital. The first Prime Minister was Sheikh Mujibur Rahman (Mujib), and the first President was Justice Abu Sayeed Choudhury.

Information about Bangladesh:

Capital Dhaka
Population 98,982,798 (Source: 2023 worldometer)
Major Cities Dhaka, Chittagong, Khulna, Barisal, Sylhet, Rajshahi, Comilla, Mymensingh, Rangpur
Borders India to the west, north, and east, and Myanmar to the southeast
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) $460,201,000,000 (2022 worldometer)
Currency taka (BDT)

Flag of Bangladesh:

Bangladesh Economy Key Industries:

Bangladesh Major Industries: cotton textiles, jute, garments, tea processing, paper newsprint, cement, chemical fertilizer, light engineering, sugar

Bangladesh Agricultural Products: rice, jute, tea, wheat, sugarcane, potatoes, tobacco, pulses, oilseeds, spices, fruit; beef, milk, poultry

Bangladesh Natural Resources: natural gas, arable land, timber, coal

Bangladesh Major Exports: garments, jute and jute goods, leather, frozen fish and seafood (2001)

Bangladesh Major Imports: machinery and equipment, chemicals, iron and steel, textiles, foodstuffs, petroleum products, cement (2000)

The Geography of Bangladesh:

Total Size of Bangladesh: 148,460 km² (source: wikipedia)

Geographical Low Point of Bangladesh: Indian Ocean 0 m

Geographical High Point of Bangladesh: Keokradong 1,230 m

Climate of Bangladesh: Tropical; mild winter (October to March); hot, humid summer (March to June); humid, warm rainy monsoon (June to October)

General Terrain of Bangladesh: mostly flat alluvial plain; hilly in southeast

World Region or Continent of Bangladesh:  Asia

Geographical Coordinates: 24 00 N, 90 00 E

The People of  Bangladesh & Culture

Bangladesh Government Type: parliamentary democracy

Bangladesh Nationality: Bangladeshi(s)

Bangladesh National Holiday:  Independence Day, 26 March (1971); note – 26 March 1971 is the date of independence from West Pakistan, 16 December 1971 is Victory Day and commemorates the official creation of the state of Bangladesh

Bangladesh Independence: 16 December 1971 (from West Pakistan); note – 26 March 1971 is the date of independence from West Pakistan, 16 December 1971 is known as Victory Day and commemorates the official creation of the state of Bangladesh

Bangladesh National Symbol: Bengal tiger

Bangladesh National Anthem or Song: Amar Shonar Bangla (My Golden Bengal)

Bangladesh Languages Spoken: Bangla (official, also known as Bengali), English

Bangladesh Religions: Muslim 83%, Hindu 16%, other 1% (1998)

Interesting Facts about Bangladesh:

Bangladesh has one of the longest beaches in the world.

More than 700 rivers pass through Bangladesh.

With good reason, Bangladesh is known as “The Land of Six Seasons”. The country experiences the summer, monsoon, autumn, late fall, winter, and spring seasons. The Bengali calendar assigns a holiday to each season in recognition of its special characteristics. The summer is pleasant and sunny, in contrast to the overcast, shorter days of the winter. It comes as no surprise that the rainy season is precisely that—rainy. The public likes King, also referred to as spring. The blooms are at their most abundant and fragrant.

The vast majority of people work in agriculture. The percentage of people who work in agriculture is estimated to be over 70%. For many Bangladeshi households, agriculture serves as both the major employer and the main source of income.

Bangladesh is home to the second-fastest river in the world, behind the Amazon. The object’s name is Padma.

In Bangladesh, the left hand is regarded as impure. The right hand is used for eating, exchanging meals, or passing out business cards.

Bangladesh was not a country before to 1971. Along with the British, other Indian, Turkic, and Mughal emperors ruled the Bengal region over the years.

The Bangladesh Central Bank was the target of one of the biggest bank robberies in recent memory in February 2016. Through 35 smaller SWIFT Network transactions going through the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, hackers attempted to steal about $1 billion.

Bangladeshis often don’t smile since they think it’s a sign of youth.

The phrase “The People of Bengal” is used to refer to Bangladesh in its native Bangla language. The entire name of the country is Bangladesh People’s Republic.

Bangladesh has a total of 156.6 inhabitants, which places it ninth in the world in terms of population.

The national animal of Bangladesh is the Royal Bengal tiger. Its boom can be heard up to three kilometers away.

Cricket is the most popular sport in Bangladesh. Bangladesh’s national cricket team participated in the 1999 Cricket World Cup. The distinction of having Test status in international cricket was accorded to it in 2000.

Bangladesh’s tallest peak is the Saka Haphong, which is located in the southeast of the Mowdok Range. Its height is 1,052 m (3,451 ft).

Kabaddi is the national sport of Bangladesh.

The nation’s national anthem’s lyrics were penned by Rabindranath Tagore.

The national bird of Bangladesh is the Magpie Robin, sometimes referred to as Doyel or Doel.

Because of Bangladesh’s low elevation, the earth never freezes. The record-low temperature ever recorded was 4.5°C in Jessore in the winter of 2011.

In Bangladesh, 30% of the population is categorized as being poor. Despite this, there has been an improvement in the nation’s overall quality of life.

Bangladesh has a limited quantity of rocks for construction. They create bricks and shatter them to use as rocks for building.

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