Essay on Article 370: This essay on Article 370 will explain how the Indian Constitution gave Jammu and Kashmir, which is in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent, special status. Since 1954, India has been in charge of this state.
Part XXI of the Constitution, titled “Temporary, Transitional, and Special Provisions,” is where the Article was drafted. The English Article 370 essay will provide a concise explanation of what Article 370 actually is.
A Long Essay on Article 370 in English
After being established, the Constituent Assembly of Jammu and Kashmir has been given the authority to recommend which Indian Constitutional Articles can be used in the state and to cancel the 370. In 1954, following advice from the State Constituent Assembly of Jammu and Kashmir, the state’s Articles were specified in a Presidential order.
This essay on Article 370 explains why the Constituent Assembly did not recommend that Article 370 be canceled before it was dissolved. As a result, it was thought that the Article would remain a part of the Indian Constitution forever.
Different Laws And Rights
The English essay on Article 370 explains how Article 370 was added to keep Jammu and Kashmir residents under a different law than the rest of the country. Rights related to citizenship, property ownership, and various fundamental rights are among the various laws. Indians from other states couldn’t buy land or property in Jammu and Kashmir because of these separate laws.
In order to determine the number of constitutions that would be included in India’s new constitution, the Indian government sought the advice of each state. Despite having separate constitutions for each state, with the exception of Jammu and Kashmir’s state assembly, all states agreed to one.
The Jammu and Kashmir state assembly requested that the state only apply the Constitution’s Articles that correspond to the original instrument of accession, and that additional rules be incorporated by the state assembly after it is formed.
However, the state assembly disbanded, and the Article was regarded as part of the Indian Constitution forever. India’s various rulings, including those of the Supreme Court and the High Court, confirmed this.
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One can gain a better understanding of the four provisions of Article 370 by reading the essay on it:
- The state was excluded from the entire scope of the Indian Constitution. The state is in charge of creating its own Constitution.
- In this state, the central government only has authority over the following three areas: communications, foreign policy, and defense.
- The state government must be in agreement before constitutional powers granted to the central government can be extended to the state.
- Before the State Constituent Assembly can meet, the State Government cannot give its approval. There can be no further expansion of powers after the State Constituent Assembly distributes the power plan.
- According to the Article 370 essay, Jammu and Kashmir is the only state in the country with the ability to create its own constitution and enjoys special status.
Impact On Abolition Of Article 370
People from J&K will no longer be able to hold both their Indian and J&K citizenships because Article 370 will be repealed in 2019. All of the additional advantages and grounds for discrimination associated with the title have effectively vanished as a result of the removal of the citizenship clause.
Non-J&K residents couldn’t buy land in the state, which was one of the biggest advantages. Because of this, people who live in J&K have a lot of resources, but they haven’t used them well enough to have a safe place to live. Because they lost their land rights if they married someone from outside the state, women were the most severely affected by this equation.
In addition, neither she nor her children were eligible to receive the land as an inheritance. On the other hand, a Kashmiri man could marry any woman from any state and keep his property rights. It was illegal for a non-resident of J&K to run for office or vote in elections for the state legislature.
Non-J&K occupants couldn’t sign up for postgraduate expert courses since state colleges in Jammu and Kashmir require an Extremely durable Occupant Endorsement (PRC). In addition, they were not eligible for any assistance from the government or scholarships that could be used while they were working for the government because permanent residence was required, which was not possible at the time but is now.
Parliament’s laws were not made automatically binding on the state. Consequently, the state’s underprivileged populations, such as the SC and ST, were denied the Indian Constitution’s usual benefits. Rights like the Right to Information and Education are valid even within the state. In addition, the center lacked the authority to declare a state-wide financial emergency, which is no longer the case; Now, Kashmir adheres to the same regulations as the rest of the country.
Short Essay on Article 370 / 150 Words Paragraph on Article 370
One will acquire some fundamental knowledge of Article 370 through this brief essay on Article 370. Article 370 was included, particularly for Jammu and Kashmir. Together with Article 35a, this Article was created. The State Constituent Assembly was given significant authority by the Article. It prevented the Central Government from intervening in Jammu and Kashmir matters. This article on Article 370 can provide readers with a wealth of information.
The State Constituent Assembly was given the authority to create its own constitution under Article 370, which will give the state several different laws. Rights to citizenship, rights to own land, and numerous other rights are examples of such distinct laws. It is prohibited for residents of other states to purchase land in this state.
In this short discourse on Article 370 in English, obviously the territory of Jammu and Kashmir is a significant province of India and encounters a unique status among the wide range of various states.
The English 370 Article essay will explain how the accession act affected the state of Jammu and Kashmir. According to Clause 7 of the Instrument of Accession, which was signed by Maharaja Hari Singh, the state of Jammu and Kashmir is not obligated to accept any additional Indian Constitutional Articles.
The state assembly can include its own Constitution. The state get together will likewise conclude how much power ought to be vested in the possession of the Focal Government. Because of the conflict that was taking place there, the state of Jammu and Kashmir was experiencing a special status. The special status of the experiences in Jammu and Kashmir is explained in English in the paragraph of Article 370.