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Yemen | History, Capital, Language, Flag, Facts & Geography of Yemen

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History of Yemen:

Even three thousand years ago, Yemen was a major hub of culture. For hundreds of years, kingdoms like the Minaean, Sabaen, and Himyarite controlled the spice trade out of Yemen. The Ethiopian Empire and later the Persian Empire both had control over the region.

Islam arrived there in the seventh century. For many more years after then, several Islamic leaders ruled the region. Yemen was under Ottoman Empire rule from the sixteenth through the nineteenth centuries.

Yemen was split into North Yemen and South Yemen throughout the 20th century. In 1970, the South adopted communism. Thousands of individuals migrated from the South to the North during the years-long conflict between the two nations. The two countries merged in 1990 to form the Republic of Yemen.

Information about Yemen:

Capital Sanaa
Population 34,449,825  (Source: 2023 worldometer)
Major Cities Sana’a (capital), Aden, Al Hudaydah, Zabid, Ibb, Mukalla, Dhamar, Al Bayda’, ‘Amran
Borders Saudi Arabia in the north and Oman in the east
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) $69.580 billion (2022 wikipedia)
Currency Yemeni rial (YER)

Flag of Yemen:

Yemen Economy Key Industries:

Yemen Major Industries: crude oil production and petroleum refining; small-scale production of cotton textiles and leather goods; food processing; handicrafts; small aluminum products factory; cement; commercial ship repair

Yemen Agricultural Products: grain, fruits, vegetables, pulses, qat, coffee, cotton; dairy products, livestock (sheep, goats, cattle, camels), poultry; fish

Yemen Natural Resources: petroleum, fish, rock salt, marble; small deposits of coal, gold, lead, nickel, and copper; fertile soil in west

Yemen Major Exports: crude oil, coffee, dried and salted fish

Yemen Major Imports: food and live animals, machinery and equipment, chemicals

The Geography of Yemen:

Total Size of Yemen: 555,000 km² (source: wikipedia)

Geographical Low Point of Yemen: Arabian Sea 0 m

Geographical High Point of Yemen: Jabal an Nabi Shu’ayb 3,760 m

Climate of Yemen: mostly desert; hot and humid along west coast; temperate in western mountains affected by seasonal monsoon; extraordinarily hot, dry, harsh desert in east

General Terrain of Yemen: narrow coastal plain backed by flat-topped hills and rugged mountains; dissected upland desert plains in center slope into the desert interior of the Arabian Peninsula

World Region or Continent of Yemen: Middle East

Geographical Coordinates: 15 00 N, 48 00 E

The People of  Yemen & Culture

Yemen Government Type: republic

Yemen Nationality: Yemeni(s)

Yemen National Holiday: Unification Day, 22 May (1990)

Yemen Independence: 22 May 1990 (Republic of Yemen established with the merger of the Yemen Arab Republic [Yemen (Sanaa) or North Yemen] and the Marxist-dominated People’s Democratic Republic of Yemen [Yemen (Aden) or South Yemen]); note – previously North Yemen had become independent in November of 1918 (from the Ottoman Empire) and South Yemen had become independent on 30 November 1967 (from the UK)

Yemen National Symbol: golden eagle

Yemen National Anthem or Song: al-qumhuriyatu l-muttahida (United Republic)

Yemen Languages Spoken: Arabic

Yemen Religions: Muslim including Shaf’i (Sunni) and Zaydi (Shi’a), small numbers of Jewish, Christian, and Hindu

Interesting Facts about Yemen:

Yemen’s economy is based on the production of oil and the marketing of items including fish, cotton, and coffee.

The official currency of Yemen is the Yemeni Rial, and Arabic is the official tongue.

Sana’a is one of the region’s oldest cities and has been inhabited for a very long time. The first people to live in this region are estimated to have existed more than 2000 years ago.

More over half of Yemen, or more than 2,300,000 square kilometers, is desert.

Shibam, which was founded in the 16th century, is now a well-known UNESCO World Heritage Site. In this city, there are more than 500 towers made completely of mud and brick.

The Dar Al-Hajar Palace must be seen if you want your trip to Yemen to be successful. Five stories make up the palace, two of which are embedded in the rock and three of which are visible from above. This spectacular building from the 1920s, which you absolutely must visit, houses the museum.

Dar al-Hajar (The House of Stone), a well-known building in Yemen, was carved out of one enormous rock. Even though only three floors are visible, the bottom two are built inside the granite construction itself. It was once used as a palace for the royal family, but now it serves as a public museum.

Yemen is referred to in biblical tales and folklore as “the land of milk and honey,” and Noah was aware of this. The Queen of Sheba is claimed to have lived in its highlands, and the Three Wise Men brought myrrh and frankincense there to present to the infant Jesus.

Thula Village is one of the most picturesque communities in the Sana’a region. Due to its numerous antique homes and mosques, this Himyarite-era city that has been conserved is interesting to visit.

This country is the center of one of the world’s earliest civilizations. Humanity first inhabited these areas about 1.65 million years ago. Science is aware of at least six prehistoric kingdoms that existed in this area.

Yemen’s national dish, salta, is made from beef, fenugreek, and a special sauce made from peppers, tomatoes, garlic, and greens.

The Great Mosque of Sanaa is among the oldest mosques in the Muslim world. It is believed to have been built under the Prophet Muhammad’s rule.

There are 200 islands in Yemen, the largest of which being Socotra.

Your local coffee shop’s coffee is referred to as “Mocha” since Mokha, in Yemen, used to be the center of the global coffee trade.

The island of Socotra, a natural world heritage site, is home to some of the rarest plant and animal species on earth. One of the island’s most well-known landmarks is the Dragon Blood Tree.

Outdoor sports including mountain jumping, motorcycle riding, rock climbing, trekking, and hiking are popular in Yemen.

The individual who can jump over the most camels wins in the traditional sport of camel jumping, which involves placing camels side by side.

Saudi Arabia and Oman both border Yemen on land.

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