Tajikistan | History, Capital, Language, Flag, Facts & Geography of Tajikistan

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History of Tajikistan:

There have been people living in the region that is now the Tajik Republic for a very long time. For a very long time, it was a part of the Persian Empire. It afterwards joined the Batrian Empire, after which the Arabs arrived and brought with them Islam.

The Samanid Empire rose to power in 875 AD. Much of Tajik culture originated during the Samanid Empire’s control, which lasted until the year 1000 AD.

Tajikistan was incorporated into the Russian Empire in the 19th century. It also joined the Soviet Union after World War I and the Soviet Union’s ascent. In 1991, Tajikistan gained its independence from the Soviet Union.

Information about Tajikistan:

Capital Dushanbe
Population 10,180,284 (Source: 2023 worldometer)
Major Cities Dushanbe, Khujand, Bokhtar, Kulob, Istaravshan, Tursunzoda, Konibodom, Isfara, Panjakent
Borders Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan to the north and west, China to the east, and Afghanistan to the south
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) $10,492,123,388 (2022 worldometer)
Currency somoni

Flag of Tajikistan:

Tajikistan Economy Key Industries:

Tajikistan Major Industries: aluminum, zinc, lead; chemicals and fertilizers, cement, vegetable oil, metal-cutting machine tools, refrigerators and freezers

Tajikistan Agricultural Products: cotton, grain, fruits, grapes, vegetables; cattle, sheep, goats

Tajikistan Natural Resources: hydropower, some petroleum, uranium, mercury, brown coal, lead, zinc, antimony, tungsten, silver, gold

Tajikistan Major Exports: aluminum, electricity, cotton, fruits, vegetable oil, textiles

Tajikistan Major Imports: electricity, petroleum products, aluminum oxide, machinery and equipment, foodstuffs

The Geography of Tajikistan:

Total Size of Tajikistan: 331,690 km² (source: wikipedia)

Geographical Low Point of Tajikistan: Syr Darya (Sirdaryo) 300 m

Geographical High Point of Tajikistan: Qullai Ismoili Somoni 7,495 m

Climate of Tajikistan: midlatitude continental, hot summers, mild winters; semiarid to polar in Pamir Mountains

General Terrain of Tajikistan: Pamir and Alay Mountains dominate landscape; western Fergana Valley in north, Kofarnihon and Vakhsh Valleys in southwest

World Region or Continent of Tajikistan:  Asia

Geographical Coordinates: 39 00 N, 71 00 E

The People of  Tajikistan & Culture

Tajikistan Government Type: republic

Tajikistan Nationality: Tajikistani(s)

Tajikistan National Holiday: Independence Day (or National Day), 9 September (1991)

Tajikistan Independence: 9 September 1991 (from Soviet Union)

Tajikistan National Symbol: crown surmounted by seven, five-pointed stars

Tajikistan National Anthem or Song: Surudi milli (National Anthem)

Tajikistan Languages Spoken: Tajik (official), Russian widely used in government and business

Tajikistan Religions: Sunni Muslim 85%, Shi’a Muslim 5%, other 10% (2003 est.)

Interesting Facts about Tajikistan:

Since 1991, Tajikistan has been free of the Soviet Union.

The longest glacier outside of the polar regions is found in Tajikistan.

The capital of Tajikistan is Dushanbe. Tajikistan’s capital is named after the Persian word for Monday.

Tajikistan is home to the second-highest dam in the world.

Gushtingiri and Buzkashi are two of Tajikistan’s national sports.

In Tajikistan, earthquakes happen regularly.

More than 900 rivers may be found in Tajikistan.

Alexander the Great is the name of a lake in Tajikistan.

Between Pakistan and Tajikistan is the Wakhan Corridor.

Central Asian landlocked nation of Tajikistan.

“Place of the Tajik” is how Tajikistan is referred to.

After being taken over by Genghis Khan, Tajikistan joined the Mongol Empire.

The center of the Great Silk Road was Tajikistan.

Tajikistan has a majority of upland terrain.

Tajikistan started constructing the tallest dam in the world in 2016.

The world’s second-tallest flagpole is in Tajikistan.

Russian and Tajik are the two official languages of Tajikistan.

Afghanistan, China, Kyrgyzstan, and Uzbekistan are all land neighbors of Tajikistan.

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