Kangxi Emperor | Biography, Emperor of Qing Dynasty, Reformer & Scholar

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Highlights of Kangxi Emperor:

Occupation Emperor of China
Born May 4, 1654 in Beijing, China
Died December 20, 1722 in Beijing, China
known for Longest-reigning emperor in Chinese history
Reign February 5, 1661 to December 20, 1722

Biography of Kangxi Emperor:

One of the greatest rulers in Chinese history, according to historians, was the Kangxi Emperor. The Qing Dynasty’s fourth emperor was him. He had the longest reign of any Chinese emperor with 61 years in power. The Chinese Empire expanded, remained stable, and prospered under his administration.

Growing Up

On May 4, 1654, Kangxi was born in Beijing, China. His mother was Empress Xiaokangzhang and his father was the Shunzhi Emperor of China. He was given the name Xuanye at birth.

Despite being the emperor’s third son, Kangxi was regarded as the crown prince since his mother had a better status than the mothers of his brothers. His grandmother, the Grand Empress Dowager Xiaozhuang, was mostly responsible for raising him. Kangxi loved athletics and hunting as a child.

Becoming Emperor

His father, who was only 23 at the time, passed away from smallpox in 1661, when Kangxi was only seven years old. Kangxi, who was just seven years old, was named the future emperor of China. He didn’t get interested in politics at first. To manage the nation for him were persons tasked with the title of regents.

One of the regents, a man by the name of Oboi, had risen to prominence by the time Kangxi became 15 years old. He either dismissed or killed the other regents. Kangxi was advised to take charge by his grandma. In 1669, Kangxi ordered the imprisonment of Oboi and assumed control as the Chinese emperor.

Ruling China

Kangxi put in a lot of effort during his protracted reign as emperor. He desired to make China stronger and bigger. He also has his people’s best interests in mind.

Revolt of the Three Feudatories was one of the first problems Kangxi had to handle. When three southern warlords banded together to oppose Kangxi and the Qing Dynasty, a civil war broke out. Despite the eight-year length of the conflict, Kangxi was able to put an end to the uprising and preserve China’s unity.

Expansion of the Chinese Empire was one of Kangxi’s primary objectives as emperor. He successfully overthrew the Mongols, signed a peace with Vietnam, seized Russian control of the Amur River region, and invaded Taiwan.

Chinese culture was impacted by Kangxi as well. He brought in western Jesuit missionaries who administered the imperial observatory, introduced new technologies, and served as interpreters. Additionally, he assembled the Quan Tangshi, a compilation of Tang poetry, and had a new Chinese lexicon called the Kangxi lexicon produced.


During the winter of 1722, Kangxi became unwell and passed away. He designated Yinzhen, his fourth son, as his successor. The Yongzheng Emperor, Yinzhen, ascended to the throne.


One of the most capable emperors in Chinese history is regarded as Kangxi. In China, a protracted period of peace and prosperity resulted from his rule.

Facts about the Kangxi Emperor that are interesting

The Qianlong Emperor, his grandson, would have continued to rule but he abdicated in order to respect Kangxi.

The meaning of the name “Kangxi” is “Peaceful Harmony.”

The Chinese army was personally commanded by Kangxi against the Mongols.

According to the records, he has 12 daughters and 24 sons.

Initially open to Christianity and possibly even becoming one himself, Kangxi later forbade Christian missions in China.

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