The inventions and technology of the Ancient Chinese were renowned. Many of these discoveries left a permanent mark on the entire world. Great technical achievements like the Grand Canal and the Great Wall of China were made possible by other inventions.
The engineers and scientists of Ancient China are credited with the following major innovations and discoveries:
Silk was a delicate, lightweight textile that was highly coveted by affluent people all over the world. Because of how lucrative it became as an export, the commercial route connecting Europe and China came to be known as the Silk Road. The cocoons of silkworms were used by the Chinese to learn how to create silk. For hundreds of years, they were able to keep the method for manufacturing silk a secret.
Paper – The Chinese were the first to discover the numerous fascinating applications for paper, including playing cards and paper money. The creation of paper began in the second century BC, and the process was eventually mastered around 105 AD.
Printing – Moveable type was created about 200 years after the invention of wood block printing in AD 868. This was actually hundreds of years before Gutenberg in Europe created the printing press.
The Compass – The magnetic compass was created by the Chinese to aid in determining the right direction. Initially employed for city planning, this was later found to be crucial for map makers and ship navigation.
Gunpowder – In the 9th century, chemists searching for the Elixir of Immortality created gunpowder. Engineers soon discovered ways to employ gunpowder for military applications such explosives, weapons, mines, and even rockets. Additionally, they created spectacular, gorgeous fireworks displays for festivities.
Boat Rudder: The rudder was created to help huge ships navigate. Due of this, the Chinese were able to construct large ships as early as 200 AD, long before they were ever constructed in Europe.
Other – Other innovations include the wheelbarrow, the umbrella, the porcelain, the hot air balloon, the kite, the match, the stirrup for a horse, and acupuncture. They also include seismographs, which measure earthquakes.
Interesting information about Invention of Ancient China
The Four Great Inventions of Ancient China are sometimes referred to as gunpowder, paper, printing, and the compass.
The military initially utilized kites to broadcast warnings.
Both the sun and the rain were reasons why umbrellas were created.
Chinese physicians were aware of specific herbs that could aid the sick. They were also aware of the significance of a healthy diet.
To ensure that homes were erected facing the proper direction and would be in harmony with nature, compasses were frequently utilized.
The Grand Canal in China is the world’s longest man-made river or canal. It runs from Beijing to Hangzhou for more than 1,100 kilometres.
In the second century BC, they created the abacus. This calculator employed sliding beads to speed up the computation of math problems.
Certain pieces of furniture and artwork have been protected and enhanced with a transparent finish called lacquer.
During the Tang dynasty (7th century), China invented and first used paper money.