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Georgia | History, Capital, Language, Flag, Facts & Geography of Georgia

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History of Georgia:

Georgia is a nation steeped in history. Georgia’s modern city, Tbilisi, is more than 1,500 years old, and the country’s native tongue is among the oldest currently in use in the world. Parts of Georgia have been a part of other empires throughout much of its history, including the Persian, Roman, Byzantine, Mongol, and Turkish Empires.

Georgia reached its zenith in the 11th and 12th centuries. Under the direction of its finest kings, including King David the Builder and Queen Tamar, it developed into a strong independent nation.

The nation was made a protectorate of Russia in 1783. With the exception of a brief period of freedom in the early 1900s, Georgia was bound to Russia for the next 200 years, first to the Russian Empire and then to the Soviet Union. Georgia proclaimed its independence and gained freedom on April 9, 1991.

Information about Georgia:

Capital T’bilisi
Population 3,726,137 (Source: 2023 worldometer)
Major Cities T’bilisi, Atlanta, Downtown Columbus, Augusta, Macon, Savannah
Borders North and northeast by Russia, on the east and southeast by Azerbaijan, on the south by Armenia and Turkey, and on the west by the Black Sea
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) $24,605,375,420 (2022 worldometer)
Currency lari (GEL)

Flag of Georgia:

Georgia Economy Key Industries:

Georgia Major Industries: steel, aircraft, machine tools, electrical appliances, mining (manganese and copper), chemicals, wood products, wine

Georgia Agricultural Products: citrus, grapes, tea, hazelnuts, vegetables; livestock

Georgia Natural Resources: forests, hydropower, manganese deposits, iron ore, copper, minor coal and oil deposits; coastal climate and soils allow for important tea and citrus growth

Georgia Major Exports: scrap metal, machinery, chemicals; fuel reexports; citrus fruits, tea, wine

Georgia Major Imports: fuels, machinery and parts, transport equipment, grain and other foods, pharmaceuticals

The Geography of Georgia:

Total Size of Georgia: 69,700 square kilometres (source: wikipedia)

Geographical Low Point of Georgia: Black Sea 0 m

Geographical High Point of Georgia: Mt’a Shkhara 5,201 m

Climate of Georgia: warm and pleasant; Mediterranean-like on Black Sea coast

General Terrain of Georgia: flat

World Region or Continent of Georgia:  Asia

Geographical Coordinates: 42 00 N, 43 30 E

The People of  Georgia & Culture

Georgia Government Type: republic

Georgia Nationality: Georgian(s)

Georgia National Holiday: Independence Day, 26 May (1918); note – 26 May 1918 is the date of independence from Soviet Russia, 9 April 1991 is the date of independence from the Soviet Union

Georgia Independence: 9 April 1991 (from Soviet Union)

Georgia National Symbol: Saint George; lion

Georgia National Anthem or Song: Tavisupleba (Liberty)

Georgia Languages Spoken: Georgian 71% (official), Russian 9%, Armenian 7%, Azeri 6%, other 7%

Georgia Religions: Orthodox Christian 83.9%, Muslim 9.9%, Armenian-Gregorian 3.9%, Catholic 0.8%, other 0.8%, none 0.7% (2002 census)

Interesting Facts about Georgia:

Veryovkina Cave, which is a section of the Gagra Mountain range in the western Caucasus and is the deepest cave in the world, is found in Georgia. The world’s deepest cave, at 2,212 meters (7,257 feet), is found there.

The 1.8 million-year-old skulls of Zezva and Mzia, the earliest human remains in the Caucasus, were found during an archaeological dig close to Dmanisi. They are viewed as an important link between African and European ancestors.

Georgia has one of the planet’s most diverse environments, with climates that range from subtropical to semi-arid to even alpine.

The majestic cathedral complex known as the Gelati Monastery, the hilly region of Upper Svaneti, the historic city and former capital of Mtskheta, and many more have made it onto the list.

The different influences of Greek and Iranian languages led to the development of Georgian’s own alphabet. Despite having only 33 letters at present, the language has undergone three significant changes over its lifespan.

Unlike Ashkenazi Jews, who immigrated to the country in the 19th century, Georgian Jews, who are split into two factions, have lived in the country for approximately 2,600 years.

The history of polyphonic music, which is choral folk music performed by two or more voices, predates the introduction of Christianity to Georgia in the early fourth century AD.

Joseph Stalin was born in Georgia. He was born in Gori, which was then a part of the Russian Empire, in 1878. There is also a museum in Gori dedicated to honoring Stalin’s life.

It was regarded as the seventh-safest place to visit in the world in 2017, but stay away from certain areas close to the Russian border.

Georgia has a long history of blood feuds, which are described in the dictionary as “a long fight between families including a cycle of retaliatory homicides.” One of the most fascinating Georgian facts is this. Although the antiquated practice is officially prohibited, it is still practiced in some parts of the country.

Katie Melua was born in Tbilisi in 1984. Despite leaving Georgia when she was only eight years old, the singer has continued to have deep ties with the state. Her 2016 album, Winter, which was recorded in Georgia, featured the Gori Women’s Choir.

Vardzia, in Georgia, is a “fortress-monastery-palace complex” carved out of Erusheti Mountain. The 6,000-room cave city was built as a refuge from the invading Mongol Empire and had a bakery, cathedral, wine cellars, irrigation system, and royal residences.

The Georgian Orthodox Church, which is attended by the majority of Georgians, uses the old Julian calendar for its liturgical feasts. As a result, Christmas is observed on January 7 rather than the traditional December 25.

Georgia is one of the most biodiverse places on earth thanks to its diverse range of climates, from subtropical to alpine to semi-desert. In the deep forest that covers 40% of the country, lynxes, bears, and a few leopards reside.

Numerous linguistic occurrences continue to reflect Georgia’s violent past and multiple invasions. For instance, the word “Hello” in Georgian has the pronunciation “Gamardshoba” (properly “Gamardshobat”), which means “Be a winner! The word for “good morning” is “Dila mschwidobisa,” which approximately translates to “Morning of the globe.” The equivalent expression is “good evening” (Ghame mschwidobisa).

Rugby is popular in Georgia.

There are numerous historical sites in Georgia. As part of the global heritage project, UNESCO has saved the Bagrati Cathedral in Kutaisi, the Gelat Monastery, the historical sites in Mtskheta, and Upper Svaneti.

Khinkali (Georgian dumplings), Badrijani Nigvzit, Lobio (bean soup), Qababi (kebabs), Dolmas, Chakapuli, Mtsvadi (meat skewers), and Satsivi are a few of the traditional dishes of Georgia.

In Georgia, not drinking is taboo. Every get-together is marked by wine and excessive drinking, whether it be a meal, a birthday party, or a casual get-together. So if you tell them you don’t drink, they’ll be shocked, if not enraged. Georgians struggle to comprehend why someone may not enjoy drinking. Just be polite and take little sips to avoid hearing requests to get a drink over and over again.

Georgia’s Gudauri ski resort is a great place for heliskiing because of its ample snowfall, gorgeous scenery, and big slopes. Gudauri, a brand-new ski resort, offers all the benefits of well-liked European locations without the crowds. If you’re not an adrenaline fanatic, don’t worry; Gudauri still has good slopes for beginners and intermediate skiers and snowboarders.

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